Category Archives: Preliminary Tasks


This is my final prelim montage.

In this task we filmed several videos which were then cut and edited together to create a montage of the typical school day. We used techniques such as match-on-action, eye-line match, framing and close-ups. I used this task to learn how to: properly frame shots, shoot from a variety of distances and hold a shot study.


  • I included a fade out transition at the end so that the video didn’t end too abruptly.
  • I used some good framing shots – to the side of the stairs for a close-up of feet going up/down.
  • I used a good range of close-ups, mid-shots and long-shots.


  • Some shots may have worked better from different distances – for example, filling up the water bottle could’ve worked better from a different angle or as an extreme close-up.
  • I could have improved my framing – for example, in the shot where the male actor is leaving the building, I could’ve recorded the footage from outside of the building to show him walking towards the camera.
  • My establishing shot at the beginning was very fast – I should have slowed this shot down a bit to give the audience a greater understanding of the location of the video, I also should have ensured that the name of the school was visible in this shot.

During the making of these preliminary tasks I have learnt lots about video editing. I have learnt that the 180-degree rule is a key rule for continuity editing, it ensures that the audience understand what is happening and there is no confusion. I have also learnt that shot reverse shot is an important camera technique for showing a relationship/interaction and match-on-action is an important technique for showing an interaction with another human/an object. I have also learnt that premier pro offers a frame-by-frame button to give greater accuracy to the user. These new skills will definitely be useful when I am creating my music video because they give me the basic camera techniques and skills for the editing programme that I will be using so that I can ensure my music video runs smoothly and communicates its story effectively.


Prelim continuity task

This is my final preliminary video.

I have used the following camera techniques: eye-line match, shot reverse shot, match-on-action. I used these techniques to create a sense of conversation. Using a shot reverse shot camera technique shows that my actors are speaking to each other and that there is some sort of relationship between the two of them.

I have learnt to use the following continuity editing rules: 180-degree rule and match-on-action, shot reverse shot. I used these rules to ensure that the video of the interaction runs smoothly, I didn’t want my audience to feel confused at any point throughout the video so I used these continuity rules to create smooth transitions between cuts and to ensure that the entire video ran smoothly; creating a sense of relationship and interaction between my two actors.

I have learnt to use the following tools/techniques in Premiere Pro: bracket cutting tool, frame-by-frame tool. I used these tools to ensure that my video was cut in the correct places to ensure continuity. The frame-by-frame tool allowed me to view/hear my video frame-by-frame, therefore I could make sure my accuracy with my editing was perfect and I could ensure that no parts of the video repeated themselves from different perspectives. The bracket cutting tool was an easy way for me to cut a section of my footage so that I only used the section of the video that I wanted to use, it gave me complete accuracy with cutting my video into snippets.

If I was to do this project again I would do some things differently. I would ensure that the audience could hear the door slam when the female actress leaves the room, I would also cut to close-up shots more often and would use more eye-line matches.

My Tour Poster

I have created my own tour poster using an image that I took to represent the folk/bohemian genre. This tour poster was created using Photoshop and Indesign. We were given a brief and told that we must include everything in it, but we must also include some ideas of our own. I used my understanding of the genre that I was creating a poster for to decide what to include in my poster. For example, I used a page gradient to represent the sun and nature.

There is another document embedded in this post which shows my full analysis of my tour poster, please read through this analysis.

The image that I used for this poster was the image that I took for a previous post ‘My image that uses mise-en-scene for meaning’.

Please click on the poster to see it in more detail.



My copy of professional magazine front page

This is the original and copy that I created using Adobe Indesign of a NME magazine cover. I think the PUG’s that I created were very similar to the ones used on the original NME cover. I also feel that my font was very similar to the ones used by the producers of the original cover. My masthead was very similar to the one used by the producers of NME magazine, if I had put a white outline around my letters, the masthead would have been far more similar, but I think it is something that went well with my creation.

I followed the original magazine very closely when creating my copy, ensuring that the colours and fonts that I used were as close to the originals as possible. I feel that I could use Indesign to an average standard overall but I think that by recognizing areas that I struggled with, I can improve my understanding of the programme.

Three things that I struggled with when creating my copy of this NME cover:

  • Resizing my images
  • Colour of my font
  • Layout

I have found 3 YouTube tutorials which will help me to improve my skills in these areas so that when I am creating my own music magazine as part of my coursework I will be able to use these features to generate the best possible effect.

Lick & Stick mock up

These are the conventional technical design features of a magazine. This is also our version of the NME Paramore cover. The main cover stars are the main focus of the cover, it is clear from the positioning that the female member of the band is the main vocalist, this is why she is positioned in the foreground of the image, whilst the other members are in the background. The image is staged like this to draw attention to her, to show that the main story will be centralised around her and the other members of the band will come up, but they will not be the main focus.

The main cover line goes straight across the image of the main cover stars, it is to represent that they are the main feature of this edition. The colour of the main cover line matches the lipstick that the main cover star is wearing. This represents her importance in the magazine and in the band. We have pointed out 

This task will help me when I am creating my own music magazine because it has showed me that the image of the main cover star(s) will always be the main focus of a magazine cover, it also shows me that the image must convey the meaning of the story, it must represent a key element of their band, and a key element of the article within the magazine. I have also learnt an effective layout for a music magazine cover from doing this task.

Technical Camera Terms

There are many ways that an image can communicate meaning, not only through mise en scene, but also through camera angles and shot distances. When carrying out our photo shoot, we tested many different angles and distances to see the effect that it would have on the photo. For example a high angle shot portrays the feeling of vulnerability, inferiority and distance, whereas a low angle shot illustrates the subject as superior, powerful and frightening. 

Camera distances also have great effect on the meanings in photos, an extreme close-up image will draw attention to a specific part of the subject and convey the feeling of closeness and familiarity, whereas an extreme long-shot image will convey the feeling of isolation and loneliness.

Images can be framed to draw specific attention to key details. For example, we framed one of our images through a tree to draw the audiences attention to the subject.

Shutter speeds and Aperture can also be used to convey meaning in images, if a slow shutter speed was used for a moving object it would imply the sense of speed, and if a high aperture is used, it blurs the background of the image, highlighting the key details that the camera is focused on.

The long-shot image taken on the tarmac didn’t work as the images taken were too overexposed, this is due to using an aperture number that was too low, so the hole was too big and too much light was let into the lens.

The photo that was framed through a rubbish bin worked very well because the gaps frame my partners face and allow the audience to view and read the expressions on his face. The framing used in this image draws attention specifically to my partners expression, it eliminates any distractions in the background, making it one of the most effective images taken.

The camera talks

This is my moodboard showing the 9 images that we captured, which I feel best communicate meaning. I have analysed each of the photos using hashtags on the moodboard. 

I have attached a link to the moodboard, please click the board below to view it in full and view my commentaries more clearly.

Three of these images show angles, two are low angles and one is a high angle. The high angle image best portrays its meaning, we wanted the subject to appear distant and thoughtful, and the high angle shot best captured the distance and closed expression used by the model.

Three of the images show framing. One was taken through branches of a tree, another was taken through rocks, and the third was taken through the gaps of a bin. Each of these frame the image well and help to convey the meaning.

Finally, lots of these images show depth of field, this is used to show how depth can communicate meaning. If the subject is right in the foreground of the image then we know that they are close to the camera, portraying familiarity, whereas if the subject is in the background of the photo, we know that they may not be fully comfortable with the situation, and could be trying to distance themselves. 

My image that uses mise-en-scene for meaning

This image is our draft representation of a folk/bohemian music artist, using the costume provided in the lesson. We dressed our model in a bohemian styled dress, with big retro sunglasses and a scarf. We also gave her natural-looking accessories to portray the feeling of being free, grabbing our audience’s attention. Our model was described as ‘carefree’, ‘relaxed’, and ‘Earthy’, relating to the bohemian style.

The below image is our moodboard. Our moodboard features many images that we feel represent the folk/bohemian genre. The models in these images look completely naturalistic and relaxed. This collection of images provided us with the research required to know how to dress our model (in loose clothing with bold patterns), and how to position her so that she best represents the feeling that we are wanting to portray. There is often high-key, natural lighting in bohemian photos, to present the feeling of warmth and earthiness.

This is our contact sheet. Our contact sheet shows all of the images that we took of our model. It has been annotated to show why the images are good or bad. There were some images taken where the model looked uncomfortable/stiff and that does not correctly illustrate the folk/bohemian attitude. Other photos taken connote the model as being completely freespirited. These images were the best taken to represent the theme.

The image displayed below is our final photo. This is our best representation of a folk/bohemian music artist. The model has her hand positioned in her hair and she appears open and carefree. We used high key lighting to create the sense of warmth in this image and used quite natural make-up to convey the earthiness and laid-back attitude of the artist.

Print Media That Communicates Meaning

The album cover that I have chosen to deconstruct has helped me to notice that all aspects of film posters have symbolic meanings and how to decode these meanings. For example, the colours used will often connote the tone, and the makeup/costume will often imply the attitude and mood of the entire product. Although the denotation of the make-up is simply to make the model’s face clearer when photographed.  Doing this task will aid me when producing my music magazine because I can know what colours, fonts, images and words to use when I want to represent different moods.