Narrative Arc Stop Motion

In order to correctly understand how narrative can be used within our music video, we created this stop motion based on the narrative of “injustice and equality”.

Our stop motion fits the traditional linear narrative structure set out by Todorov, as the video is presented with a start (exposition), which is represented by the man and the child meeting each other and the child dropping his toy. A middle (climax)  when the man steals the toy from the child and leaves the frame and-an ending (denouement)  represented here by the the police man stopping and arresting the man, retiring the toy to the child and leaving frame.

Our narrative also represents the conventional character types. It portrays a Heroin, the Childs saviour, after the climax. The ‘Damsel in Distress‘ is represented by the child and the antagonist is presented as the thief who steals from the child.

Similarly the narrative features Binary Oppositions, a theory creates by Levi Strauss, whereby the narrative contradicts its self. For example, we were given “injustice and equality” and therefore had to fit ways to represent each part of the narrative and hw they interact with one and another.

It is important for us to consider these different sorts of narrative features when looking to create a music video narrative, as often the narrative will differ from traditional film media. Music videos are often repetitive as often the lyrics on which the narrative is based on are repeated within the song. This helps for the audience to keep a sense of place within the music video and for the narrative not to overpower the songs meaning.

Additionally music video narrative can be effected by the style they are shot in, an Illustrative music video narrative will closely follow the lyrics in the song, creating visuals and characters to represent the lyrics. Where as an amplification narrative will use more narrative features and following the lyrics in the song less, in order for it to more adequately fit the genre or artists style. A Disjunctive narrative will use the most narrative features as there is often no link between the song and the narrative portrayed, instead a story if often told.

When planning the narrative for our music video we have considered which features we will want to include and what narrative content relation there will be. We have chosen to portray a Amplification Narrative as this allows for us to create a narrative which incorporates the ideas within the lyrics as-well as to include other narrative scenes which we feel will help the video referent the genre of Contemporary R&B

Preliminary Task 2- Tell me a story

In this preliminary task we were assigned groups to create a short dialogue free story. In this task we had to make the story board, record the footage and edit the sequence. As a group we chose to create a story about somebody who is running late. The aim of this task was to develop our editing skills, which is something I think I have done.

We created this storyboard with a plan of how we wanting the video to go, as-well as a description of each shot and what shot type to use.

3 things that went well were…

  • I think we achieved a good amount of shot variety within the short time frame and story. We recorded a variety of angles for different scenes and this gave us a degree of freedom in our editing.
  • I used motion graphics for the first time in this piece and this gave it a different level of production quality to my previous work. The inclusion of both motion graphics at the start and end credits allows for the product to appear more professional.
  • Music is something that can be used to strengthen a video and in this case I think the music helped to establish a pace in the video, as-well as symbolize the ending. With the video being dialogue less it helped to make the video interesting for whom ever will watch it.

3 things that could have gone better…

  • The purpose of this task was to tell as story, therefore I would like to improve on directing my actors, so they better convey the story which we imagined. As in this case I feel that the story isn’t directly conveyed.
  • Taking more shots- I used a motion graphic of a clock in this project and although this was good, next time I would like to make sure that I take all of shots using real products, as this would allow the video to flow more naturally. Similarly I would have liked to include more close ups as this would have allowed me to better convey the story of the video.
  • Making transitions- Transitioning between clips can be difficult due to the variety of angles and positioning of actors. This is something that I feel I could work on in the coming videos.

What have I learnt- in this project I have developed my skills in Premiere Pro even more, one thing in particular that I have learnt is to how to add a end credit or generally include text into my video, this is something that I feel I could use in other projects.

Preliminary Task 1- Continuity

The first preliminary task for component 3. This task was designed to help us better understand different editing techniques. In this task I have used the following camera techniques, The 180 Degrees Rule, where by we only shot from one side of the actors this creates an imaginary axis between the two stars. I also used a tripod and a dolly in the end scene.

I used these techniques to create a sense of communication between the two stars, and to give the audience a way to follow along in the video. The use of a dolly shot allowed for me to capture the movement of the star better, to communicate the emotion he may be feeling. Using a tripod makes sure that the videos are stable, this is important both for the viewer and for the clarity of the shot.

I have learnt to use the following continuity editing rulesMatch on Action, Shot Reverse Shot and Establishing shots. I used these rules to help create a dialogue and video that is both interesting for the reader to view and simplistic to follow. Shot Reverse Shot allows for the conversions to be coherent and for the audience to better understand which person is speaking. Match on Action is when we see a movement from one angle and then we see this be received on another angle, that will often be parallel. When we shot we filmed the whole scene from one angle then filmed the whole scene from another, this allowed us to use continuity but without two cameras.

I have learnt to use the following tools/techniques in Premiere Pro, using multiple edit lines for different camera angles and how to fade in/out clips. I used these tools to make my edit easier, as I could match the different angles and then cut from different sections to make a multi angle clip. Fading in/out from a clip allowed me to create edits that are more visual appealing, one example is when we see ‘Mark’ through the jumper at the camera, it fades out and then end credits run. This makes the end of the clip nicer to watch and avoids the video jumping between clips.

If I was to do this project again I would do some things differently, including using two cameras to record the scenes at different angles at the same time. This would be an alternative to what I did which was use one camera to record the scene multiple times. Additionally I would have linked to include more pans and tilts to add movement to static shots, as I think this would have made the video more interesting to watch.

Here is my Script with annotations, it shows the script we were given for the piece and what me and my partner decided to do with it. It shows some of out initial ideas on what types of shot/edit we wanted and then a detailed shot list at the end.