Narrative Storyboard

Vikki and I, have created a story board of post-it notes that have rough sketches and written examples of the variations of shots that we want to get when we film our narrative part of the music video, to show a graphical representation. What this helps us with is to be able to have an over-view of the video to visualise the flow of shots that we have and see if they work well and allows us to be able to check whether we have any shots missing and moreover enables us to put down any new ideas before we film and miss any potential angles.

We need to think of as many elements that we can think of such as cut to close ups, match on action, framing, distances and many more to help tell our story to the audience. Storyboards are used in pre-production, production as well as post-production. This is because before production it is created like a plan or blueprint to follow; as the theorist Lacey explained through his ‘Repertoire of Elements’. Also, the use of the storyboard in pre-production can let the directors add on and discuss any missing shots.

During production, the storyboard further plays as that blueprint to follow along whilst shooting, however, the director/s can decide if they want a different shot in the storyboard which can lead in forgetting other shots and sticking to the plan. Post production still has involvement with the storyboard as it acts as a reminder of the narrative/plan that they were following as they may have forgotten certain ideas through the process.

So, in result of learning the importance of a storyboard, we decided to take pictures of the post-it notes (as you can see in the images attached) when we film our narrative so that we have a strong guideline and don’t lead astray to our aims and objectives.

Narrative Development

 

What our narrative is about for our music video is a broken relationship between a girl and a boy in which he is greatly paranoid, the audience to begin with don’t know why, and because in the performance she is telling him that he is okay and reassures him-  the audience begin to believe her. However, the viewers see more and more footage of him being further abnormally worried and then see that he has committed a big crime. This uses an unrestricted perspective as the performer doesn’t know of this until later on in the song, so the audience knows information that a character doesn’t.

Looking at the structure of the majority of music videos, we have picked apart our narrative by using the three-point arc that helps us recognise what happens during the beginning, middle and end. Also, we have established the themes and conventions that will be featured throughout the music video, (such as paranoia and trust).

The narrative can be split into two different views for the audience, in which are; restricted and unrestricted. Restricted perspective gives the audience less information and are unaware of some happenings but find out at the end, and unrestricted let’s the audience know something that a character does not. We have chosen to use the unrestricted perspective because it lets the audience captivated as they would want to know the outcome, however the video can be left to the audience to decide what happens next.

After the research into the structures that are commonly found, we have noticed that they all fall under a category of the following three types of narrative- or, are a mixture: illustration- where the narrative matches the lyrics (for example; if the lyrics were ‘falling down’ the illustration would be of something or someone falling as that specific lyric is played), amplification- this is when the narrative is inspired by the themes of the lyrics, and thirdly; disjuncture is when the narrative seems to hold very little similarities to the lyrics and can be quite random.

Therefore we decided to use the amplification narrative type so that we can project those themes of paranoia and also use some aspects of illustrative narrative as it helps tell the story. In almost every narrative of a music video shows a conflict or problem that needs to be overcome by the character/s in order to restore life back to normal. This is where the narrative arc shows a good representation of how the story would usually go because at the beginning it starts off fine and how everything is normal, and as the arc begins to rise that represents a climax in a problem or conflict. When the arc is at its highest point it is called disequilibrium, and then the narrative can either stop there and leave the audience on a cliff hanger/leave it to them to interpret the rest of the narrative. Or, fix the problem and return back to normal which is then the complete arc. This will be shown in our music video when at fisrst the audience believe that he hasn’t done anything wrong but they are proven wrong in the disequilibrium as he will be seen murdering someone which will completely change the audiences’ views.

Also something that we noticed was that most of the videos were almost incomplete and left it up to the viewers to decide what happens next, this is something that we plan to do in our music video as we think that it creates an unpredictable element which is what makes them want to rewatch it to try and create possible answers. However, we do know that you want the audience to feel predictable please when watching it, so, we are sticking to we’ll known features and elements of the genre  so that they gain that feeling.

 

Performance Rough Cut- Draft 1

 

Evaluation: 

I have included a rough cut of all our good clips from the shoot and put them into Premiere Pro to roughly cut together so we can see all of the shots and angles that we got, and so that we can clearly see what shots we are missing. What I noticed was the missing shot of the super close up of her on the phone, however, this (luckily) can be easily be filmed anywhere as it is just focusing on the phone and her lips. So, to prevent this when we are shooting for our narrative we will bring a list with all of the shots we want to get so we won’t forget and therefore will be organised.

Also, another thing that after watching this video of the rough cut we noticed that at moments in this close up of her singing, it can be a bit wobbly at times as it was hand held because it was by the window to get excellent lighting but the tripod wouldn’t fit in the point of view that we wanted. As you can see below we checked in Premiere Pro and found the fault of the non-static camera, however, there are moments of still in the clip, which we can use as the screenshot shows:

We have enough coverage of our footage thanks to doing the test shoot, where we didn’t film all angles with performing the whole song- which is where we went terribly wrong. This is because we then wanted to use certain lines of the song with the angles we didn’t have. So, we made sure that each angle was filmed throughout the entire song, and it resulted in having enough coverage.

Our targets that we have thought about and need more reflection on are:

  • To come prepared of what specific shots we need (listed?).
  • Make sure shots that need to be static are on a tripod.
  • To get as many shots of detailed shots that we can that show reactions/emotion.
  • To know what costume is needed so that we can be organised for the shoot.
  • Make sure that we get enough coverage when filming for the narrative.

 

Shoot Reflection (Performance)

Overall, I am very pleased with how our performance shoot went due to the time it took, the performance of our star and the shots we took.

The mise-en-scene was perfect as everyone bought all of the costumes, makeup-up and things that we needed to create the star image that we planned. Moreover, I am very happy with the variety of shots that we got such as the close ups, long and mid shots, however we also managed to get a couple of tracking shots to convey a more professional approach in our video by using the tracking device; where the camera screws in to the top and you are then able to slide the camera side to side to get a very smooth effect.

We challenged the concept of the 180 degree rule as we filmed her on the bed and then filmed her at the window, however I think this creates a more realistic feeling as you forget they are just standing in front of a camera and really imagine the story that she’s trying to tell to the audience. Here are the images of theses two shots below:

Although we had a storyboard to follow, we kept it in mind and knew the shots that we wanted and needed to get, so we played around with shots and angles as we kept getting new ideas and wanted to experiment to try and get the best footage we could possibly get. Furthermore, we needed to film for coverage so we made sure that the main shots (close up, mid and long shot) were sang all the way through the song, so that if we wanted to edit and use a particular part we will have the footage.

A fault that we came across was the footage/shots that we missed out. We wanted to get a super close up of her on the phone with just the her lips and the phone in it when the voice in the music sounds electronic and muffled.  Also, the only other shot that we talked about getting and didn’t was the idea of her rolling over and the camera follows her eyes all the way round. However, this shot could have gone wrong very easily as it would have to be done quickly and hand held; therefore could become very messy-looking and unprofessional.

In conclusion to our overall performance shoot, it turned out to be very successful and no shots that we have need to be retaken as they have great lighting and quality.

Star Image Planning

To refresh ourselves with what our star image consisted of, we created a page on Lucid-press that shows images that present the star in the particular way that we want. For example, we have researched the meta-narrative of the star that shows her tweets, fashion and images that present her in a kind, natural and beautiful way. Our star will be represented to be a sweet, loving person however is emotionally affected by her boyfriend’s trouble and constantly worries for him. In result, her image is shown through mainly emotive shots; such as a close up of her reaction.
Below, I have also created a moodboard on Pinterest that consists of various images that she has posted on her Instagram, album posters and magazine covers. This variety of media that she is displayed on suggests her popularity and how famous she is. The second picture below is of her hugging the very famous Drake- this represents her as a warm bubbly person of high status.
(click to view in full)
  These two images are from The Independent news paper that shows her to be a powerful woman and an inspiration and as described by them: ‘An important step for musical inclusivity’ as she wins a Choice Award..

Risk Assessment for Performance Shoot

Before going on the set for our performance shoot we had to think and be aware of what risks there would and could potentially be. Furthermore we have listed these risks and thought about how they can be controlled so that the day runs smoothly, also, we have stated the times of where we will be and for how long so the teacher is aware of where we are in case of need of contact. We have therefore signed at the bottom to both agree that we have understood the possible risks and how to prevent them, and so has our teacher; which means that she has accepted and approved for the performance shoot to go ahead.

Specsavers Creative Team Feedback

Lenny Lenfesty, a professional from Specsavers came into our lesson to help educate us further on the software of Premiere Pro. But, so that he could help us with specific aspects we presented our pitch and ideas for our music video and what we can mainly do in post-production like creating the glitch effect. One idea that we needed his help developing was our idea to overlap two shots to convey the idea that the character’s head is messed up and is confused, which he showed us how to do so which was an effect called ‘echo’ and the outcome looked really effective; as you can see a screenshot of us testing with the movement in the frame.

After listening and contributing to our ideas, Lenny gave us feedback and targets on what we should and shouldn’t do:

  • Make sure you have a story for the narrative because it will help you with the costume, the way they look and what they do, whether for example if it’s a drug related crime etc.
  • In Premiere pro there’s an effect called ‘echo’ that you can apply to your footage and will give you an overlapping effect.
  • Play around with the colour of our footage on Premiere Pro as it can make it seem more relative to the genre and fits into predicted pleasure for the audience.
  • Maybe with the narrative we could have the character barging through the door really quickly; which can be a handheld camera shot and will look great as it will create a fast pace which will juxtapose with the performance.

I have researched some videos on YouTube to see what other effects on Premiere Pro we could use to get better results and be more visually interesting for the audience:

Performance production meeting agenda

We have created a production meeting agenda and agreement for the filming of the performance of our music video, we have allocated the two locations where our performer will be acting, times, dates and what props and costumes we will need to make this work. Planning on this sheet makes it clear what we need to bring and keeps us organised and prepared so that we won’t forget anything on the day.

Therefore our overall aims for the shoot are to be ready and organised before the shoot and knowing what shots we are going to use for the performance.

Permission from artist

To be able to use the song that we want for the music video and not get it deleted, I have tweeted the artist, Jorja Smith to ask for her permission to use it as I know there are copyright laws, which means that I don’t have the right to create/use her song for my personal use (the music video). This is so that our music video doesn’t get flagged or removed once put up.

Genre Conventions Analysis

In this presentation, we have explored the conventions of the R&B genre so that we have a better understanding of what it truly stands for and the type of clothing, behavior and style the posses. To do so, we have also looked into other videos of the same genre that has similar attributes to what we want to include in our music video, such as the artist RAYE who includes interesting mise-en-scene and has the style we like, however we noticed that her style is too bright and we were going for a more rural and mediocre style and not a materialistic video.

Overall, this has helped us gain deeper knowledge about the genre and are now ready to make sure that every detail that we put into the performance shoot has to represent R&B down to the last detail, such as things like nail polish and hairbands left on the performers wrists, as a professional music video would not condemn this. We have thought about the repertoire of elements that would be typically conventional to our artist, such as having a carefree, independent attitude.