Category Archives: Component 2


The four areas which you need to understand to complete a textual analysis of a sequence from TV or Film are:

Collectively called ‘micro features’ and are

  • Camera
  • Mise-en-Scene
  • Editing
  • Sound

You are also going to making a music video soon and editing is an important skill to learn to communicate meaning and help represent narrative and characters.

Here is a handout on editing terms and definitions.

Slideshow on Editing:

Practice Sequence

Identify and analyse the editing techniques in this sequence.

template for completion is attached here or in classroom.

Assessment of Textual Analysis


You need to understand very clearly how to get the marks in your textual analysis essays.

There are four areas where you can improve on your performance:

  1. Terms – Using media specific language to describe micro features (camera, editing, sound & mise-en-scene).
  2. Examples – Your ability to pick out examples of micro features from the sequence and describe them clearly.
  3. Analysis – Your ability to explain how the micro features you’ve seen communicate ideas about the nature/feel of the characters, places or events in the sequence.
  4. Significance – How the example & analysis illustrate wider values, attitudes, opinions & beliefs around particular social groups. In other words how those groups are represented.

Always have lots of synonyms for the term represent: signify, portray, infers, implies, connotes…etc

Your targets for improvement should always refer to one of these areas and your revision and practice should always focus on one of these areas.

Dr Who – Textual analysis

Here is a clip for your next analysis:

Describe how Camera and MES are used to represent themes and characters in  Dr Who?

You should include @ 4 examples of MES and @ 4 of camera (angles, framing and movement).

Remember: T (terms), E (examples – descriptions), A (analysis – meaning communicated) and S (significance to the representation of themes and characters in the sequence).

  • 10/50 – Terms
  • 20/50 – Examples
  • 20/50 – Analysis & Significance

Use this sheet for taking  notes.

Grade Boundaries

  • 20 -24 = E
  • 25 – 29 = D
  • 30 – 34 = C
  • 35 – 39 = B
  • 40+ = A

Turn/hand in your essay to Classroom where there is also an exemplar.

Camera – framing, angle and distance all make meaning

In groups of @ 3, you must gather 9 photographs using some of the techniques we have been experimenting this week. You should use a DSLR and will probably have @ 50 photos in total for your contact sheet.

For example:

  • an extreme close up of a tear stained eyes could underline a character’s sadness and vulnerability.
  • an extreme long shot of a man standing alone on a deserted beach might portray his isolation and solitude.
  • a two shot of a two people, with one in the foreground looking away from the camera and the other slightly out of focus in the background could add an enigmatic, mysterious feel to the scene as well.

Remember to consider:

  • Angle – high, low, canted x 3, aerial
  • Distance – ECU, MS, LS, ELS x 3
  • Composition – rule of thirds, lead space and Depth of Field x 3

Each photo should then be uploaded to a moodboard of your choice (see suggestions below). You will then

  • #the technical term (#longshot#lowangle)
  • #the example/denotation (#manalone#teacherlookingcross)
  • #the analysis/connotation (#lonely#excited#leaving)

Remember to bring in facial expression, body language, proxemics and gesture to add weight to the narrative story your picture is trying to tell.  Try and get some special FX in too i.e. motion speed blur?

Use locations around the school (but be respectful and safe) i.e. from a high angle at the top of the stairs looking down at your subjects or a low angle looking up at your subject/frames/point of views, lead space looking wistfully out of a window at the sky?


  • google slide but this is a bit over used now so why not branch out?
  • (snip tool the board and save as jpeg, save and publish and copy the URL, link this URL to the jpeg in the post and ask the examiner to click on the image to see the analysis/hashtags).
Image result for close up of tear stained eye
The close up of the tear stained eyes conveys a sense of sadness and vulnerability of the model.
Image result for high angle shot of a small child
The high angle shot of the small children  helps represent their weakness by reinforcing their small stature. The composition using the rule of 3rds also draws attention to their isolation as they sit firmly in the middle of the shot surrounded by foliage and no other humans.
Image result for depth of field
The yellow snooker ball  is clearly the important object in this frame. Using depth of field, the other snooker ball is out of focus, present and yet not as important as the yellow one that signifying that the important focus of the photograph is the yellow number 1 ball.

Please click on the moodboard below to go a moodboard site to see how the comments on the meaning and composition of the shots have been compiled. Good luck. HAVE FUN!

Camera – ‘every picture tells a story’…..

Just as MES can be used to convey a mood, represent a character, convey a genre or help tell a story, CAMERA too can be used to create meaning in a media text.

Here is a glossary of camera terms you will need to learn and know.

How many different types of camera angle, framing, distance and movement can you spot in this clip and how do they help tell the story?