Technical Camera Terms

As we’re getting ready to make our magazine, we were taught on how to use the DSLRs (layman terms: good cameras) and how to frame photographs using several techniques. We’ve put into pairs and sent outside the classroom to practice and stabilise our photographing skills. We were tasked to take a good photograph corresponding to each technique. Here are the 9 techniques:


High and Low: Depending on the angle, it can give that the sense of power and authority, or vice versa. Low is the one that gives the power, while a photo from a high angle gives the sense of powerlessness. On the other hand, canted/Dutch angles give the photo a distorted view, mimicking chaos and confusion.


Extreme close up: Shot that has a subject very close up, like a section of a face. This a way to get a very detailed photograph of one subject. Medium shot often captures most of the subject, either comparing it to another subject or environment. Long shot is when the frame encompasses the whole of the subject, with space for different subjects and environment. At extreme long shot the subject is minute, with a big focus on the relationship between the environment and the subject.


Lead space is when there is a space in front of the subjects, this either gives the impression that it is moving or looking somewhere. Depth of field is when the subject is in focus, while the background is out of focus, vice versa or both. It is an easy way of highlighting the subject when the background is out of focus. The rule of thirds is when the photograph is framed into 9 equal squares along with the subject. This way of framing works well because its our eyes naturally respond well to it.

These are the basic techniques that every amateur photographer learns, however, they are not be all and end all techniques, nor do they guarantee a good photograph.

For this photograph, it is a medium shot, with rule of thirds, and proxemics, which is a way to describe the relationship between two subjects by how close they are. In this case, the two subjects are quite distant, as demonstrated by the medium shot.




In this one, its a medium close up with a depth of field thrown in.There’s also lead space in both of the subjects. As stated before, the medium shot gives the impression that they are distant. With one of the subjects being out of focus, the distance between them is further emphasised.




 In this one, it is a close up, with the rule of thirds drawing the eye into the center of the flower, and the left edge, showing the environment which the subject resides in.





Below is the contact sheet, in the next blog post I will go in detail about the individual photographs.

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