The Kuleshov Effect
Definition: The Kuleshov effect is a film editing (montage) effect demonstrated by Soviet filmmaker Lev Kuleshov in the 1910s and 1920s. It is a mental phenomenon by which viewers derive more meaning from the interaction of two sequential shots than from a single shot in isolation.
Editing can be used to both edit constructs of meaning in the minds of the audience, and draw audience attention to specific elements of mise-en-scene which are important. This is usually in the shape of characters view of what they see, although not always (often the audience know more than the characters) and this gives rise to dramatic irony.
We were given a 6 minute clip of one of the final scenes from the film, where Nicholas Angel attacks the elderly village members, and looked at the editing in the scene, which is below.