The Dark Knight Narrative Analysis


]In the dark knight the hero’s journey is only completed to an extent. When compared to the five point story arc it fits in perfectly however when compared to the hero story arc The Dark Knight only fits with some of the points and tend to skip over key points that most superhero movies have. For instance the crisis (which is suppose to happen at the end of the movie) happens at the end of the movie. Yes you could argue that Rachel death is a crisis and that is true however the two boats is a true crisis. I would argue that The Dark Knight is the first half of the journey and the squeal is second half of the journey.


Narrative Analysis of Pan’s Labyrinth

There are four different elements of the Narrative. Structure, Character function, conflict and themes. All of these features help us understand the movie in the way the director wants us to see it. All of the elements interact with each other at some point and wouldn’t work with each other. A movie can have amazing conflict, character function and a clear theme but without a structure, it wouldn’t work.

Del Toro use of narrative does coincide with any other fantasy or war genre movie. He instead makes experiments with different aspects of both genre’s (and other movies) to perfect Pan’s Labyrinth’s amazing narrative. The complementary opposites help emphasise the overall message of the movie that innocence has no place in a world of good vs evil. These four elements are explored in the slideshow above.

How narrative study is useful in understanding this film?

  • It helps us understand the director’s aim. Messages in films are not always clear when first watching them especially when you don’t have outside context. Studying narrative helps us link parallels of the movie to real life. Be it by culturally, historically or politically.
  •  It changes the way the film looks. When I was first watching Pan’s Labyrinth I didn’t consider the conflicts in the film (apart from the fairly obvious one of the war) but when studying the narrative I got the bigger picture of what the film was going on about. Watching the movie back now it clears up a lot more about the plot and why things were happening.
  • It explains why directors use certain techniques. Del Toro shows Ofelia’s death at the start. When first watching it it’s not clear why he does this as it doesn’t have any context however narrative allows us the understand that Del toro used it as a way to interact with our emotions and to make us feel guilty when she ultimately dies.
  • The narrative allows us to understand characters intentions and what they symbolise. For instance Carmen, the plot of her pregnancy first seems like a way for Del Toro to make us feel bad. However, through character function, we can further understand that she is representing the repressed part of Spain who, although don’t like the idea they still live there life’s with it without fighting.
  • It allows us to see the development(under development) of characters. In Pan’s Labyrinth, we see many characters develope, mainly the good ones. One of the character who doesn’t is Captain Vidal(the villain). With my further understanding of the narrative, it is clear the symbolisation it represents. It shows that fascism doesn’t have a future and there is no development.

Narrative Analysis of a Pixar Movie

Toy Story Narrative Analysis:

Structure Moments

  • The story is set up (world and character)
  • In Toy Story, we are introduced to woody and all the other of Andys toys. We then meet buzz who Woody doesn’t like
  • Climax – characters try to fix the world.
  • Woody and Buzz get lost and end up in Sid’s room where Sid experiments on other toys.
    • Denouement – the world is fixed.
    • Woody and Buzz put aside their differences and team up with the other toys to get out of Sid’s room and back to Andy


Character Types

  • Protagonist- Woody, we follow his story of self-discovery throughout the movie.
  • Helper – Sid’s creations, they help woody and buzz get out of sid’s room.
  • Antagonist – Sid, He attacks Woodie and other toys.
  • false villains – Buzz, we first believe that he’s a villain because he changes things and our main protagonist doesn’t like him. It is later we find out that he means good. Sid’s toys are also false villians. When we first meet them we scared because they are nothing that we’ve seen before.
  • The Girl- Little bo peep.

The theme of Toy Story is friendship and Jealousy which we can see that from the characters have changed throughout the story. Another theme is change and adjusting to it. Woody struggles throughout the movie with changes with his friends and changes to his surroundings. He first tries to resist change and tries to destroy the thing that causes the change however it gets him into more problems. He then learns that he needs to adjust to the change and not to judge a book by its cover.

Spy Genre Poster

In this poster, there is dun’s which is a reference to the classic mission: Impossible theme song. Most spy movies take place at night which is represented by the lamp post. The security guard is there to show that the building is a guarded place. Most of the places the spies try to get in to are heavily guarded. There is also a man in a suit with a gun looking as if he is ready to shoot. This is a very genetic thing seen in most spy movies. You can see it here in the kingsman movie:

Image result for spy movies behind wall

The key things in a spy movie are that they have big/dramatic openings which help lure the audience in. They also have incredible action scenes with many twists and turns throughout the whole plot. Last but not least the MacGuffin which refers to a goal that the protagonist is tasked with pursuing to further the plot. The poster show this by the guy looking as if he is ready to shoot.